TOEFL ITP Prediction 3

Before taking the test, read the following instructions and fill in an identification form afterward.
The test is divided into four sections: listening, structure, and reading. Each section or part of a section begins with a set of special directions that includes sample questions and answers. It is important to read these directions so you will understand exactly what you are to do before you start to work on the section or part.
Some questions may be harder than others, but try to answer them. If you are not sure of the correct answer to a question, make the best guess you can and go on to the next question. It is your advantage to answer every question, even if you have to guess.
As you are taking the practice test, work rapidly but carefully. Do not spend too much time on any single question. You can use scratch paper for taking notes in the listening section, and do not write or make any marks in the test section of your book.

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SECTION 1

LISTENING COMPREHENSION

 

Part A

Directions: in Part A, you will hear short conversations between two people. After each conversation, you will hear a question about the conversation. The conversations and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

 

Here is an example:

On the recording, you hear:

On your screen, you read:

 

(A) He doesn’t like the painting either.

(B) He doesn’t know how to paint.

(C) He doesn’t have any paintings.

(D) He doesn’t know what to do.

You learn from the conversation that neither the man nor the woman likes the painting. The best answer to the question “What does the man mean?” is (A), “He doesn’t like the painting either.” Therefore, the correct choice is (A).

 

Please type DONE in the text box below.

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PART B

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear longer conversations. After each conversation, you will hear several questions. The conversations and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

 

Remember, you are not allowed to take notes or write in your test book.

Type DONE in the text box below.

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PART C

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several talks. After each talk, you will hear some questions. The talks and questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

 

Here is an example

On the recording, you hear:

Now listen to a sample question:

In your book, you read:

(A) To demonstrate the latest use of computer graphics.

(B) To discuss the possibility of an economic depression.

(C) To explain the workings of the brain.

(D) To dramatize a famous mystery story.

The best answer to the question “What is the main purpose of the program?” is (C),” To explain the workings of the brain.” Therefore, the correct answer is (C).

 

Now listen to another sample question:

In your book, you read:

(A) It is required of all science majors.

(B) It will never be shown again.

(C) It can help viewers improve their memory skills.

(D) It will help with coursework.

The best answer to the question “Why does the speaker recommend watching the program?”is (D), “It will help with course work.” Therefore, the correct choice is (D).

 

Remember, you are not allowed to take notes or write in your test book.

Please type DONE in the text box below.

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SECTION 2

STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION

This section is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English. There are two types of questions in this section, with special directions for each type.

 

Structure

Directions: These questions are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

 

Look at the following examples:

Example I

The president _____ the election by a landslide.

1. won

2. he won

3. yesterday

4. fortunately

The sentence should read, “The president won the election by a landslide.” Therefore, you should choose answer (A).

 

Example II

When _____ the conference?

1. the doctor attended

2. did the doctor attend

3. the doctor will attend

4. the doctor’s attendance

The sentence should read, “When did the doctor attend the conference?” Therefore, you should choose answer (B).

 

Please type DONE in the text box below.

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1. Mango trees, _____ densely covered with glossy leaves and bear small fragrant flowers, grow rapidly and can attain heights of up to 90 feet.

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2. Alaska found the first years of its statehood costly because it had to take over the expense of services _____ previously by the federal government.

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3. The first explorer _____ California by land was Jedediah Strong Smith, a trapper who crossed the southwestern deserts of the United States in 1926.

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4. Refrigerating meats _____ the spread of bacteria.

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5. The fact _____ credit cards are widely available has made them a popular form of payment.

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6. _____ that life began billions of years ago in the water.

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7. A good teaching technique for _____ students active is group work.

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8. Although most cats hate to swim, _____ if necessary.

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9. Because aluminum is lighter and cheaper _____ , it is frequently used for high-tension power transmission.

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10. The theory of Continental Drift assumes that there _____ long-term climatic changes in many areas during the past.

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11. _____ sharks, whales, and dolphins are warm-blooded mammals.

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12. Computers that once took up entire rooms are now _____ to put on desktops and wristwatches.

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13. _____ initial recognition while still quite young.

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14. Refugee migration is at _____ worldwide.

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15. When natural gas burns, its _____ into atoms of carbon and hydrogen.

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16. The various types of bacteria are classified according to _____ shapes.

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17. Unlike the Earth, which rotates once every twenty-four hours, _____ once every ten hours.

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18. East Kalimantan relies heavily on income from oil and natural gas, and _____ .

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19. Dry farming is a type of agriculture used in areas _____ less than 20 inches of rainfall.

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20. Centuries of erosion have exposed _____ rock surfaces in the Painted Desert of Northern Arizona.

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21. The use of labor-saving devices in houses, _____ , and factories added to the amount of leisure time people had.

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22. In the United States, the electoral system is either simple or _____ in representation.

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23. Not until the Triassic Period _____ .

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24. Both historically and _____ , Ontario is the heartland of Canada.

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25. Of all the cities in Texas, _____ .

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Written Expression

 

Directions: In these questions, each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. The four underlined parts of the sentence are marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

Look at the following examples.

Example I

The four string on a violin are tuned in fifths.

The sentence should read, “The four strings on a violin are tuned in fifths.” Therefore, you should choose answer (B) string.

Example II

The research for the book Roots taking Alex Haley twelve years.

The sentence should read, “The research for the book Roots took Alex Haley twelve years.” Therefore, you should choose answer (C) taking.

Please type DONE in the text box below.

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26. The outer layer of the heart, called the pericardium, forms a sac in what the heart lies.

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27. The swift is a type of bird which are relatively small and which has incredible flying abilities.

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28. In the United States, there are much holidays throughout the year.

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29. The public ceremonies of the Plains Indians are lesser elaborate than those of the Navajo in the Southwest.

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30. The ancient Romans used vessels equipped with sails and banks of oars to transporting their armies.

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31. Early European settlers in North America used medicines they made from plants native to treat colds, pneumonia, and ague, an illness similar to malaria.

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32. A number of the American Indian languages spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late fifteen century have become extinct.

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33. A food additive is any chemical that food manufacturers intentional add to their products.

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34. Hot at the equator causes the air to expand, rise, and flow toward the poles.

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35. The walls around the city of Quebec, which was originally a fort military, still stand, making Quebec the only walled city in North America.

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36. Over the course of history, much civilizations developed their own numerical systems.

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37. Copper was the first metallic used by humans and is second only to iron in its utility through the ages.

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38. A variation of collodion photography was the tintype, which captured images on a black or dark brown metal plate instead from on glass.

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39. Philosophy is the study of the nature of reality, knowledge, existent, and ethics by means of rational inquiry.

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40. Acoustics, the study of sounds, is one of the oldest of physically sciences.

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41. The oxygen in the air we breathe has no tasted, smell, or color.

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42. Because of the availability of trucks and easy access to modern highways, the locate of farms has become relatively unimportant with respect to their distance from markets.

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43. One inventor that Thomas Edison can take credit for is the light bulb.

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44. Intelligence, education, and experience all helps shape management style.

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45. The basic elements of public opinion research are interviewers, questionnaires, tabulating equipment, and to sample population.

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46. Some bumper stickers on cars are quite funny and make us laugh, but another are quite ridiculous.

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47. Both as a hobby and as a profession, photography has fascinated people for more than hundred years.

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48. Blood transfusions from one individual to another serve to supply various material that the recipient lacks.

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49. A metal crown is usually installed only in teeth that have no the upper portions of their body structure damaging.

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50. Often a headache is caused by the contraction of one of the muscle group that cover the skull, thus causing spasm and pain.

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SECTION 3

READING COMPREHENSION

 

This section is designed to measure the ability to read and understand short passages similar in topic and style to those found in universities and colleges. Test takers read a variety of short passages on academic subjects. Each passage is followed by a number of questions about the material. To avoid creating an advantage to individuals in any one field of study, sufficient context is provided so that no subject-specific familiarity with the subject matter is required to answer the questions.

Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by a number of questions about it. You are to choose the one best answer, (A), (B), (C), or (D), to each question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

Answer all questions about the information in a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage.

Read the following passage.

The railroad was not the first institution to impose regularity on society, or to draw attention to the importance of precise timekeeping. For as long as merchants have set out their wares at daybreak and communal festivities have been celebrated, people have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day. The value of this tradition is today more apparent than ever. Were it not for public acceptance of a single yardstick of time, social life would be unbearably chaotic: the massive daily transfers of goods, services, and information would proceed in fits and starts; the very fabric of modern society would begin to unravel.

 

Example I

What is the main idea of the passage?

1. In modern society we must make more time for our neighbors.

2. The traditions of society are timeless.

3. An accepted way of measuring time is essential for the smooth functioning of society.

4. Society judges people by the times at which they conduct certain activities.

The main idea of the passage is that societies need to agree about how time is measured in order to function smoothly. Therefore, you should choose answer (C).

 

Example II

In line 7, the phrase ‘‘this tradition’’ refers to __________

1. the practice of starting the business day at dawn

2. friendly relations between neighbors

3. the railroad’s reliance on time schedules

4. people’s agreement on the measurement of time

The phrase ‘‘this tradition’’ refers to the preceding clause, ‘‘people have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day.’’ Therefore, you should choose answer (D).

 

Please type DONE in the text box below.

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Open the passage for questions 1-4 through this link.

1. What is the main topic of the passage?

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2. The word “adorned” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to…

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3. The word “attire” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to…

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4. The word “unravel” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to

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Open the passage for questions number 5-9 through this link.

5. Why does the author list the characteristics of glass in paragraph 1?

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6. What does the author imply about the raw materials used to make glass?

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7. According to the passage, how is glass that has cooled and become rigid different from most other rigid substances?

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8. According to the passage. why can glass be more easily shaped into specific forms than metals?

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9. What must be done to release the internal stresses that build up in glass products during manufacture?

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Open the passage for questions number 10-14 through this link.

10. What does the passage mainly discuss?

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11. According to the first paragraph, which of the following statements is true about the settlement at Jericho in 8000 BCE?

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12. According to the second paragraph, where were the first large cities established?

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13. The word “enormous” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to

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14. The phrase “an explosion of” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to

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Open the passage for questions number 15-18 through this link.

15. According to the passage, when does the West Side Story play take place?

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16. According to the passage, the words to the songs of West Side Story were written by…

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17. It can be inferred from the passage that the Capulets and Montagues…

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18. The author’s attitude toward the play is generally…

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Open the passage for questions number 19-22 through this link.

19. What is the main idea of the passage?

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20. According to the passage, when carbon tetrachloride is heated, it becomes…

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21. Which of the following words could best replace the word “widely” in paragraph 1?

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22. The word “banned” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to…

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Open the passage for questions number 23-27 through this link.

23. What is the main topic of the passage?

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24. The word “they” in the first paragraph refers to…

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25. The word “varying” in the second paragraph could be best replaced by the word…

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26. The word “them” in the third paragraph refers to…

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27. The word “molded” in the fourth paragraph means…

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Open the passage for questions number 28-31 through this link.

28. What does the passage mainly discuss?

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29. What can be inferred from the passage about the practice of animal parents feeding their young?

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30. According to the passage, how do some insects make sure their young have food?

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31. According to the passage, animal young are most defenseless when…

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Open the passage for questions number 32-35 through this link.

32. The passage is organized by…

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33. What does the author probably mean by using the expression “children interrupt their education to go to school” (paragraph 1)?

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34. The phrase “For example” (paragraph 3) introduces a sentence that gives examples of…

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35. Which of the following conclusions does the passage support?

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Open the passage for questions number 36-38 through this link.

36. What is the main purpose of the passage?

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37. Which of the following does the passage indicate about Joyce Carol Oates’ first publication?

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38. Which of the following does the passage suggest about Joyce Carol Oates in terms of her writing career?

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Open the passage for questions number 39-42 through this link.

39. What is the main topic of the passage?

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40. According to the passage, the primary purpose of finding a water route across the continent was to…

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41. It can be inferred from the passage that prior to the Lewis and Clark expedition the size of the continent had been…

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42. The author states that Lewis and Clark studied all of the following characteristics of the explored territories EXCEPT…

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Open the passage for questions number 43-46 through this link.

43. What aspect of art deco does the passage mainly discuss?

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44. The word “encompass” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to…

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45. In paragraph 1, the author mentions “an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower” in order to…

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46. The streamlined modern style is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT…

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Open the passage for questions number 47-50 through this link.

47. What is the main topic of the passage?

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48. Which of the arguments supports animal rights?

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49. The word “unique” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to…

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50. The word “perspective” in line 30 could best be replaced by…

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